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RAW MATERIAL FOR INCENSES DHOOP NEEM PRODUCTS INDIAN SPICES MEDICINAL HERBS
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RAW MATERIAL FOR INCENSES DHOOP NEEM PRODUCTS INDIAN SPICES MEDICINAL HERBS
Home | Products | Neem Products
The NEEM tree (Azadirachta indica) is a tropical evergreen tree native to India and is also found in other southeast countries. In India, neem is known as “the village pharmacy” because of its healing versatility, and it has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for more than 4,000 years due to its medicinal properties. Neem is also called ‘arista’ in Sanskrit- a word that means ‘perfect, complete and imperishable’. The seeds, bark and leaves contain compounds with proven antiseptic, antiviral, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer and antifungal uses. The Sanskrit name ‘nimba’ comes from the term ‘nimbati syasthyamdadati’ which means ‘to give good health’.

Neem has a garlic-like odor, and a bitter taste. The various parts of this tree have many uses that aptly give neem its name in Sanskrit-“sarva roga nivarini”, meaning ‘the curer of all ailments’. Some of the most important documented uses of various parts of the neem tree are:

  • Neem oil is extracted from the seeds of the neem tree and has insecticidal and medicinal properties due to which it has been used for thousands of years in pest control, cosmetics, medicines, etc. Please see neem oil & its uses for detailed information.
  • Neem seed cake (residue of neem seeds after oil extraction) when used for soil amendment or added to soil, not only enriches the soil with organic matter but also lowers nitrogen losses by inhibiting nitrification. It also works as a nematicide.
  • Neem leaves are used to treat chickenpox and warts by directly applying to the skin in a paste form or by bathing in water with neem leaves. In order to increase immunity of the body, neem leaves are also taken internally in the form of neem capsules or made into a tea. The tea is traditionally taken internally to reduce fever caused by malaria. This tea is extremely bitter. It is also used to soak feet for treating various foot fungi. It has also been reported to work against termites. In Ayurveda, neem leaves are used in curing neuromuscular pains. Neem leaves are also used in storage of grains.
  • Twigs of neem are also used in India and Africa as toothbrushes. Nowadays toothpastes with neem extracts are also available commercially.
  • Neem (leaf and seed) extracts have been found to be spermicidal and thus research is being conducted to use neem extracts for making contraceptives. Neem produces pain relieving, anti-inflammatory and fever reducing compounds that can aid in the healing of cuts, burns, earaches, sprains and headaches, as well as fevers.
  • Neem bark and roots also have medicinal properties. Bark & roots in powdered form are also used to control fleas & ticks on pets.
  • Neem has anti-bacterial properties that help in fighting against skin infections such as acne, psoriasis, scabies, eczema, etc. Neem extracts also help in treating diabetes, AIDS, cancer, heart disease, herpes, allergies, ulcers, hepatitis and several other diseases.
  • There are many active constituents of Neem.


Neem seed:

Neem seeds are one of the most useful part of the tree, finding use in different industries to make range of products. It has the maximum number of compounds with curative properties. It is used to manufacture effective pesticides as seeds have the highest content of azadirachtin.

Neem Seed Processing

Cleaning

Foreign material and impurities like dirt, stones, sticks, stems etc have to be removed by means of screen-air-separator and destoner. There are machines that separate light, oversize and undersize impurities.



Depulping

Fruits are soaked in water for a few days which helps to remove the skin and get the seed, they are then dried which can in turn be of tray or rotatory type. Thereafter seeds or fruits are dehulled into impact hullers.

Extraction

Seeds are then be treated with water based and organic solvents to make concentrated extracts.

Use of neem seed

Neem seed is used for livestock production as it has a very high nutritional value, it has large quantities of protein, which makes it all the more valuable. It can however not be used for food because of its bitter taste and foul odour. Compounds containing sulphur such as nimbidin, nimbosterol are responsible for the bitter taste of seeds and a principle, tignic acid is the cause of foul smell of seeds; they also have high insecticidal properties.





Neem Oil:

Neem oil is a vegetable oil pressed from the fruits and seeds of neem (Azadirachta indica), an evergreen tree which is endemic to the Indian subcontinent and has been introduced to many other areas in the tropics. It is perhaps the most important of the commercially available products of neem for organic farming and medicines. Neem oil is generally light to dark brown, bitter and has a rather strong odour that is said to combine the odours of peanut and garlic. It comprises mainly triglycerides and large amounts of triterpenoid compounds, which are responsible for the bitter taste.

Components of Neem Oil

Fruits are soaked in water for a few days which helps to remove the skin and get the seed, they are then dried which can in turn be of tray or rotatory type. Thereafter seeds or fruits are dehulled into impact hullers.

Extraction

Seeds are then be treated with water based and organic solvents to make concentrated extracts.

Use of neem seed

Neem seed is used for livestock production as it has a very high nutritional value, it has large quantities of protein, which makes it all the more valuable. It can however not be used for food because of its bitter taste and foul odour. Compounds containing sulphur such as nimbidin, nimbosterol are responsible for the bitter taste of seeds and a principle, tignic acid is the cause of foul smell of seeds; they also have high insecticidal properties.

  • Linoleic Acid - 2.1%
  • Various Lower Fatty Acids - 2.3%
  • Palmitic Acid - 12.6%
  • Stearic Acid - 21.4%
  • Oleic Acid - 52.8%

The percentage may vary from tree to tree depending on the method of processing and place of processing

Neem Oil Processing

  • Mechanical Press Method : This method is one of the oldest methods of processing oil. Seeds are placed in a tub or container and a form of press or screw is used to squeeze the seeds until the oil is pressed out and collected
  • Steam and High Pressure Method : This method makes use of high pressure extraction method to squeeze out oil from seeds. Seeds are heated in steam and under high pressure enabling maximum extraction of oil. This method is not very good as most of the active ingredients and compounds are destroyed by high temperature.
  • Solvent Extraction Method : One of the most used methods of extracting neem oil, it uses a solvent, preferably an petroleum solvent/alcohol solvent for processing oil. It ensures maximum extraction of oil.
  • Cold Pressed Method : This method of extracting oil is the most used by leading manufacturers though it is more expensive than the other methods.

Uses of Neem Oil in Various Industries

  • Cosmetic Industry : Neem bark, seed and leaf oil is being increasingly used in manufacturing a large number of skin products, body lotions, beauty care facial packs in combination with other natural ingredients. The herbal cosmetic industry is in the boom stage, this is an open invitation for the neem oil manufacturers to produce high quality neem oil for use in the cosmetic industry, all around the globe.
  • Agricultural Industry : The principle ingredient in Azadirachtin found naturally in neem seed oil is being used the world over for manufacturing :
    • Natural Pesticide
    • Natural Insecticide
    • Natural Fungicide
  • Herbal Medicine Industry : Neem seed, leaf and bark oil is used to manufacture herbal medicines. It can be used as raw neem oil, oil extract to be used in wide medicinal applications.




Neem cake:


Neem cake is the residue left after oil has been pressed from neem seeds. It is used as an organic manure resulting in high yield of cops and plants.

Chemical Composition of Neem Seed Cake

  • Azadirachtin
  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphorus
  • Potassium
  • Carbon
  • Sulphur
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium

Benefits of Neem Seed Cake

  • Pest Repellent
  • Organic Fertilizer

Forms of Neem Cake

  • Neem Cake Granules
  • Neem Cake Powder
  • Neem Cake Manure
  • Neem Cake Bio Mix
  • Neem Cake Fertilizer






  • Neem Cake Power:

    Neem and its parts are available in powdered form which are put to many uses in industries ranging from cosmetics to oral care, from agriculture to medicine.

    Neem powder is used in agriculture to protect plants from insects and pest, it can also be applied as an organic manure. It is also used in veterinary medicine to cure worms, intestinal problems and other internal as well as external infections.



    Neem Powder used in Different Products

    • Facial creams
    • Medicated creams
    • Capsules
    • Pesticides and insectides
    • Veterinary Products
    • Personal hygiene products like soap and tooth powder
    • Incense sticks
    • Coils




    Neem urea coating agent:

    Neem and its parts are being used to manufacture urea coating agent to improve and maintain the fertility of soil. The fertility of the soil can be measured by the amount of Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorous it has; there are certain bacteria found in soil, which denitrify it. Use of neem urea coating agent helps to retard the activity and growth of the bacteria responsible for denitrification. It prevents the loss of urea in the soil. It can also be used to control a large number of pests such as caterpillars, beetles, leafhoppers, borer, mites etc.



    Properties of Neem Urea Coating Agent

    • Anti feedant
    • Anti fertility
    • Pest growth regulator

    Benefits of Neem Urea Coating Agent

    • Excellent soil conditioner
    • It helps to decrease the leaching of Ammonia.


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